Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp Lesson 3: Useful Phrases for Learning Danish. This is the third in a five-part series that will help you ease your way into Danish.
Anna: Goddag, jeg er Anna. Hi, I’m Anna.
Becky: In this lesson, you will learn several essential phrases to help you learn Danish - in Danish.
Anna: Yep, you can use these phrases when you are at a loss for words, or caught in a confusing situation.
Becky: These phrases will help you to avoid or resolve misunderstandings whenever and wherever you are in Denmark. Ok, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
A: Undskyld, hvordan siger man "I love you." på dansk?
B: "Jeg elsker dig."
A: Undskyld, det fangede jeg ikke. Sig det en gang til, be’om.
B: "Jeg elsker dig."
A: Vær venlig at tale lidt langsommere.
B: "Jeg elsk-er dig."
A: Skriv det ned på dansk for mig, be’om.
Becky: Now, let's hear it with the English translation.
A: Undskyld, hvordan siger man "I love you." på dansk?
Becky: Excuse me, how do you say, "I love you," in Danish?
B: "Jeg elsker dig."
Becky: I love you.
A: Undskyld, det fangede jeg ikke. Sig det en gang til, be’om.
Becky: I'm sorry, I didn't catch that. Say it once again, please.
B: "Jeg elsker dig."
Becky: I love you.
A: Vær venlig at tale lidt langsommere.
Becky: Please, speak a little slower.
B: "Jeg elsk-er dig."
Becky: I love you.
A: Skriv det ned på dansk for mig, be’om.
Becky: Write that down in Danish for me, please.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Now you’ll never be at a loss for words again! Even if you find yourself in one of the major tourist spots, where people are used to non-Danish speakers, there is no excuse not to try these phrases out on the locals.
Anna: In case you want to be 100% sure that you understand what is being said to you, don’t hesitate to have the whole conversation in English though. In Denmark, English is the first foreign language that is taught from the 2nd to the 10th year of the period of compulsory education.
Becky: So everyone speaks English?
Anna: Yeah, pretty much. At least to some extent. You can also try German or French!
Becky: Really?
Anna: Yes, the second foreign language in most cases is German. German and French are offered from the 8th to the 10th year. Of course, this shouldn’t be your main reason to not try out the phrases we just learned!
Becky: The Danish you meet will love the fact that you are making an effort by trying to communicate in Danish.
Anna: They might even give you a tip on how to discover some of the other cultural gems that Denmark has to offer.
Becky: And you don’t want to miss out on that! Ok, now let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Anna undskyld [natural native speed]
Becky excuse me, sorry, pardon
Anna undskyld [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna undskyld [natural native speed]
Anna at sige [natural native speed]
Becky to say
Anna at sige [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna at sige [natural native speed]
Anna man [natural native speed]
Becky you, one, we, they
Anna man [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna man [natural native speed]
Anna dansk [natural native speed]
Becky Danish language
Anna dansk [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna dansk [natural native speed]
Anna at fange [natural native speed]
Becky to catch
Anna at fange [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna at fange [natural native speed]
Anna en gang til [natural native speed]
Becky one more time
Anna en gang til [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna en gang til [natural native speed]
Anna at tale [natural native speed]
Becky to speak, to talk
Anna at tale [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna at tale [natural native speed]
Anna langsom [natural native speed]
Becky slow
Anna langsom [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna langsom [natural native speed]
Anna at skrive ned [natural native speed]
Becky to write down
Anna at skrive ned [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna at skrive ned [natural native speed]
Anna mig [natural native speed]
Becky me
Anna mig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna mig [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Let’s start with the equivalent for “Excuse me”
Anna: In Danish, you say “Undskyld” to start asking a question. This is also used when you want to request something, to order food or drink or to squeeze by someone. “Undskyld” also means “Sorry” so you should also use it if you accidentally bump into someone or step on their foot or the like.
Becky: Could you say this one more time slowly?
Anna: Undskyld
Becky: Very useful expression. Please use it to catch someone’s attention in Danish.
Anna: Another important expression is “man”, which means “you,” “one,” “we,” or “they.”
Becky: How can it be used?
Anna: Danish people use “man” when they want to say something in general. For example, “Det ved man aldrig”, which means “One never knows”.
Becky: Next we have “at fange.”
Anna: This means "to catch" and can be used the same way in Danish as in English. You can not only use it when talking about catching fish or burglars, but also when you didn’t catch what someone just said. Like in the dialogue.
Becky: Right. Our next word is the pronoun “mig.”
Anna: Yes. “Mig” means “me” and is used together with prepositions, such as “to” and “for” to mention a few.
Becky: When used with other nouns, especially people, make sure that you put “me” last in the noun order to express more politeness, by not mentioning yourself first. Can you give us an example?
Anna: Sure. “De købte kaffe til Peter og mig” which means “They bought coffee for Peter and me.”
Becky: Great. Now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn essential phrases to help you learn Danish.
Anna: The first phrase we had was, Undskyld, hvordan siger man ____ på dansk?
Becky: "Excuse me, how do you say [something] in Danish?"
Anna: The first word is Undskyld, which means "Excuse me" or “sorry.”
Becky: What’s next?
Anna: The next word is... hvordan. Which means "how."
Becky: Okay, and next is…
Anna: Siger
Becky: Which means "say.” And next comes the equivalent of “you” or “one.”
Anna: Man.
Becky: And finally we have
Anna: På dansk which means “in Danish.” If you want to know what something is called in a different language to Danish, simply replace “dansk” with that language.
Becky: So the whole question, “How do you say____ in Danish” is....
Anna: Hvordan siger man ___ på dansk? Add the word you want to learn before you say the language.
Becky: Let’s hear the sentence - How do you say “television” in Danish?
Anna: Hvordan siger man “television” på dansk?
Becky: Listeners, please listen and repeat.
Anna: Hvordan siger man “television” på dansk?

Outro

Becky: Great! That’s all for this lesson.
Anna: Thanks for listening!
Becky: And we’ll see you next time, bye!
Anna: Hej hej!

3 Comments

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DanishClass101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Team DanishClass101.com
Monday at 8:39 pm
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Hi Sharon,


Thank you for your comment.


"Be’ om” is actually "bede om" ("to ask for"). The '-de' is rarely pronounced.


"Be' om" on its own is a way of saying please in a child-like pleading manner.

For example, when you ask someone a favor and they hesitate to do it for you, you could try saying "Åh, be' om" while making a persuading expression.


It is highly unlikely to work for most adults though.


If you have any other questions, please let us know.


Thank you!


Amalie

Team DanishClass101.com

Sharon
Thursday at 10:47 pm
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Undskyld, hvordan siger man "book-store" på dansk?

"Boghandel"

Undskyld. Det fangede jeg ikke. Sig det en gang til, be'om.

"Boghandel"

Vær venlig at tale lidt langsommere.

"Boghandel"

Skriv det ned på dansk for mig, be'om.


Vær venlig=be so kind

at tale lidt langsommere = to speak a little slower


What does "be'om" mean?