Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Beginner Season 1 Lesson 21 - Getting the Munchies in Denmark
INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 21 - Getting the Munchies in Denmark. Eric here.
Anna: Hej! I'm Anna.
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express your feelings and desires. The conversation takes place at the office.
Anna: It's between Oliver and Thor.
Eric: The speakers are co-workers. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Oliver: Åh, jeg er ved at dø af sult! Jeg har virkelig lyst til at spise frokost.
Thor: Jeg har også lyst til noget til den lille sult.
Oliver: Jeg har meget lyst til pommes frites. Hvad med dig?
Thor: Jeg har allerede en madpakke, og så brødflov er jeg ikke.
Oliver: Okay. Jeg har også lyst til en burger nu.
Thor: Du må virkelig være hundesulten!
Oliver: Det er jeg også.
Thor: Hmm, du må gerne købe en sodavand til mig.
Oliver: Så lidt usundt er du med på?
Thor: Tja, jeg må slukke min tørst oven på snakken.
Eric: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Oliver: Åh, jeg er ved at dø af sult! Jeg har virkelig lyst til at spise frokost.
Thor: Jeg har også lyst til noget til den lille sult.
Oliver: Jeg har meget lyst til pommes frites. Hvad med dig?
Thor: Jeg har allerede en madpakke, og så brødflov er jeg ikke.
Oliver: Okay. Jeg har også lyst til en burger nu.
Thor: Du må virkelig være hundesulten!
Oliver: Det er jeg også.
Thor: Hmm, du må gerne købe en sodavand til mig.
Oliver: Så lidt usundt er du med på?
Thor: Tja, jeg må slukke min tørst oven på snakken.
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Oliver: Åh, jeg er ved at dø af sult! Jeg har virkelig lyst til at spise frokost.
Oliver: Oh, I'm dying of starvation! I really feel like eating lunch.
Thor: Jeg har også lyst til noget til den lille sult.
Thor: I also feel like a little something.
Oliver: Jeg har meget lyst til pommes frites. Hvad med dig?
Oliver: I really feel like french fries. What about you?
Thor: Jeg har allerede en madpakke, og så brødflov er jeg ikke.
Thor: I already have a packed lunch, and I am not that peckish.
Oliver: Okay. Jeg har også lyst til en burger nu.
Oliver: Okay. I also feel like a burger now.
Thor: Du må virkelig være hundesulten!
Thor: You must really be starving!
Oliver: Det er jeg også.
Oliver: I am.
Thor: Hmm, du må gerne købe en sodavand til mig.
Thor: Hmm, you can buy a soda pop for me.
Oliver: Så lidt usundt er du med på?
Oliver: So you’re up for something a little unhealthy?
Thor: Tja, jeg må slukke min tørst oven på snakken.
Thor: Well, I have to quench my thirst after the talk.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Anna, when do most Danes have their lunch break?
Anna: Most Danes eat lunch between 11:30 am and 1:00 pm.
Eric: Do they eat lunch in cafes?
Anna: Well... it depends on the person. In primary and lower secondary school, students usually eat their packed lunch in the classroom. And in high school, the students usually eat lunch in a cafeteria where they can also buy food, if they haven’t brought their own.
Eric: What does a typical Danish packed lunch include?
Anna: A typical Danish packed lunch consists of open sandwiches, which are made from rye bread, with different cold cuts and toppings.
Eric: And do Danes like to eat lunch together?
Anna: Lunch is often considered a social activity, so it might seem odd and anti-social to some if you choose to eat lunch by yourself.
Eric: I see.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: at dø [natural native speed]
Eric: to die
Anna: at dø [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at dø [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: sult [natural native speed]
Eric: hunger, starvation
Anna: sult [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: sult [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: lyst [natural native speed]
Eric: desire, urge
Anna: lyst [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: lyst [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: brødflov [natural native speed]
Eric: peckish
Anna: brødflov [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: brødflov [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: hundesulten [natural native speed]
Eric: starving, ravenous
Anna: hundesulten [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: hundesulten [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: med på [natural native speed]
Eric: game for, up for
Anna: med på [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: med på [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: usund [natural native speed]
Eric: unwholesome, unhealthy
Anna: usund [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: usund [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: tja [natural native speed]
Eric: well
Anna: tja [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: tja [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: tørst [natural native speed]
Eric: thirst
Anna: tørst [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: tørst [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Anna: oven [natural native speed]
Eric: from above, above, on top of, in addition, after
Anna: oven [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: oven [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Anna: at dø af sult
Eric: ...which means “to die of starvation.” The phrase...
Anna: at dø af sult
Eric: ... is made up of the infinitive marker
Anna: ...at,
Eric: which means “to,” then the verb...
Anna: dø,
Eric: ...which means “die,” the preposition
Anna: af,
Eric: ...which in this case means “of,” and the common gender noun
Anna: sult,
Eric: which means “hunger.” All-together...
Anna: at dø af sult
Eric: “to die of starvation.” You can use this phrase to express that you are very, very hungry.
Anna: This phrase is quite informal. But because there are no actual formality levels in Danish, you can also use it in formal situations.
Eric: Can you give us an example of how you might use this phrase?
Anna: For example, you can say.. Åh, jeg dør af sult!
Eric: ..which means “Oh, I’m dying of starvation.” Okay, what's the next word?
Anna: The adjective brødflov,
Eric: which means “peckish.”
Anna: brødflov is made of the noun brød, which means “bread,” and the adjective flov, which means “ashamed” or “embarrassed.” brødflov
Eric: You can use this word to express that you are a little hungry.
Anna: Right. In the past, the adjective flov was also used when someone was feeling weak, faint, or unwell.
Eric: This means that the original meaning was something like “unwell because you haven’t had any bread to eat.” Anna, can you give us an example using this word?
Anna: You can say.. Jeg er blevet brødflov oven på turen.
Eric: .. which means “I have become peckish after the trip.” Okay, what's the last word?
Anna: hundesulten
Eric: which means “starving,” or “ravenous.”
Anna: The adjective hundesulten is made up of the plural noun hunde, which means “dogs,” and the adjective sulten, which means “hungry.”
Eric: You can use this word to express that you feel like you’re starving. It can be food, or even a great desire for something else.
Anna: Right. For example, you can say...Jeg er hundesulten efter hævn.
Eric: This means “I am starving for revenge.”
Anna: Or you can say… Drengene er hundesultne.
Eric: “The boys are starving.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express your feelings and desires.
Anna: For this, you can use the phrase at have lyst til plus an object or action.
Eric: Anna, let's break this down to see the meaning of each word.
Anna: Sure. At have lyst til is made of the verb at have meaning “to have,” the noun lyst, meaning “desire,” and the preposition til which means “to.”
Eric: So, it literally means “to have desire to,” but you can translate it as “to feel like.” You can use this phrase to express a wish or desire for something in particular, or for doing a specific action.
Anna: The noun lyst emphasizes your desire or urge for something.
Eric: The basic patterns used to form sentences to express wishes or desires are as follows…
Anna: at have lyst til plus noun
Eric: “to feel like” something, for example…
Anna: Søstrene har lyst til spaghetti.
Eric: “The sisters feel like spaghetti.” Another pattern is
Anna: at have lyst til, plus at, plus an infinitive.
Eric: “to feel like doing something.” Anna, can you give us some examples?
Anna: Hun havde lyst til at køre.
Eric: “She felt like driving.”
Anna: Pigen har ikke lyst til at fodre ænder.
Eric: “The girl does not feel like feeding ducks.” Great! Anna, what's our next grammar point?
Anna: It’s the phrase at være ved at,
Eric: which means “to be doing.”
Anna: at være ved at is made of the verb at være, “to be,” and the adverb ved, which, when followed by at, becomes the equivalent of “doing” in English.
Eric: You can use this phrase to express what you’re doing right now, or what you were or have been doing.
Anna: In other words, at være ved at is a way of creating the English “-ing” form.
Eric: So the basic pattern is...
Anna: a subject, plus at være ved at conjugated, plus the infinitive.
Eric: You can always add an object to the sentence after the verb in the infinitive form, if you need to. Let’s take a look at some examples …
Anna: Jeg er ved at børste tænder.
Eric: “I am brushing my teeth.”
Anna: Kæledyrene var ved at spise.
Eric: “The pets were eating.” Now, before we go, let’s talk about one more useful phrase.
Anna: med på
Eric: meaning literally “along in” or “along on.”
Anna: But it’s used to express that you are up for something.
Eric: Listeners, you’ll find a complete explanation and grammar patterns in the Lesson Notes. But, let’s listen to one example now -
Anna: Min kollega er med på at shoppe.
Eric: “My colleague is up for shopping.”

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time!
Anna: Hej hej!

2 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

DanishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi! What do you feel like doing now? Let's practice in the comments.

Artur
Wednesday at 07:07 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hej. Jeg har lyst til at rejse til at varmt land.