Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com! This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 13 - Talking About Your Dreams in Danish. John here.
Nana: Hej I'm Nana.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn about discussing hopes and dreams. The conversation takes place at a park.
Nana: It's between Johan and Sophia.
John: The speakers are a couple. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Johan: Sig mig, har du nogensinde tænkt over, hvad du vil være, når du bliver stor?
Sofia: Når jeg bliver stor? Ha ha, jeg er 22! Hvorfor spørger du pludselig om det?
Johan: Jeg tænkte bare... Hvad for et job kunne du godt tænke dig, da du var barn?
Sofia: Hmm, jeg plejede at se en masse komedieserier efter skole, så jeg ville gerne være skuespiller.
Johan: Det tror jeg, der var mange fra min klasse, der også drømte om. Hvilke serier så du?
Sofia: Det kan være ligegyldigt nu.
Johan: Hvem har ikke fulgt med i mindst én serie? SÅ dårlige var de nok ikke?
Sofia: Nej, de virker måske bare lidt latterlige i dag.
Johan: Jeg ville gerne være brandmand, politibetjent eller ingeniør.
Sofia: Hvis idé var det så at blive journalist?
Johan: Måske så jeg også en spændende serie en dag. Jeg fulgte bare min intuition.
Sofia: Virkelig? Tror du, jeg ville kunne blive en god skuespiller?
Johan: Du spiller jo allerede skuespil hele dagen, når du hjælper kunderne på arbejdet.
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Johan: Tell me, have you ever thought about what you want to be when you grow up?
Sophia: When I grow up? Ha ha, I'm 22! Why are you suddenly asking about that?
Johan: I was just thinking... What kind of job did you want when you were a kid?
Sophia: Hmm, I used to watch a lot of sitcoms after school, so I wanted to become an actor.
Johan: I think there were many in my class who also dreamed about that. Which series did you watch?
Sophia: That doesn't matter now.
Johan: Who hasn’t followed at least one series? They probably weren't THAT bad?
Sophia: No, they just might seem a little ridiculous today.
Johan: I dreamed about becoming a fireman, police officer, or an engineer.
Sophia: Then whose idea was it to become a journalist?
Johan: Perhaps I also watched an interesting series one day. I just followed my intuition.
Sophia: Really? Do you think I could become a good actor?
Johan: You’re already acting all day when you’re helping the customers at work.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: An actor is a pretty common dream for kids, I think. But few people end up becoming actors.
Nana: I don’t think that many children seriously pursue it as they get older.
John: Right. Sophia said that she wanted to become an actor after watching a sitcom on TV. I wonder what show that was.
Nana: Yeah, I wonder. In Denmark, there aren’t many of what people would call traditional sitcoms.
John: What’s a traditional sitcom? Something with a laugh track and crazy characters?
Nana: I think so. Maybe "Langt fra Las Vegas” from 2001 is the only one.
John: What kind of comedy shows are there, if there aren’t these types of sitcoms?
Nana: Shows like "Klovn," "Kristian," "Rita," and "Sjit happens” mix the sitcom genre with more believable situations. And no laugh tracks.
John: I hate laugh tracks, so that sounds good to me. Who are some famous Danish comedians?
Nana: Two of the best Danish comedians are Casper Christensen and Frank Hvam.
John: What are they famous for?
Nana: Well actually, they were behind “Langt fra Las Vegas” and “Klovn.” They’re also the main characters.
John: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Nana: nogensinde [natural native speed]
John: ever
Nana: nogensinde [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: nogensinde [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: stor [natural native speed]
John: big, large, great
Nana: stor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: stor [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: barn [natural native speed]
John: child, kid
Nana: barn [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: barn [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: pleje [natural native speed]
John: to use to
Nana: pleje [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: pleje [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: komedieserie [natural native speed]
John: comedy series
Nana: komedieserie [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: komedieserie [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: skuespiller [natural native speed]
John: actor
Nana: skuespiller [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: skuespiller [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: drømme [natural native speed]
John: to dream
Nana: drømme [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: drømme [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: ligegyldig [natural native speed]
John: unimportant, indifferent
Nana: ligegyldig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: ligegyldig [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: følge [natural native speed]
John: to follow, to accompany, to go with, to see, to attend
Nana: følge [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: følge [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Nana: kunde [natural native speed]
John: customer
Nana: kunde [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: kunde [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is...
Nana: blive stor
John: meaning "to grow up." Can you break this phrase down for us?
Nana: First is the irregular verb blive, which in this case means "grow." Next is the adjective stor, which means "big," "large," or "great."
John: So you can use this expression to talk about growing up?
Nana: It’s mainly used by or about children. If you’d like, you can replace stor with the common gender noun voksen, which means "adult" or "grown-up."
John: The meaning doesn’t change?
Nana: No, it doesn’t.
John: Can you give us an example using our original phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Når jeg bliver stor, vil jeg være designer.
John: ...which means "When I grow up, I want to be a designer."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Nana: være ligegyldig
John: Meaning "to not matter." What can you tell us about this phrase?
Nana: First is the irregular verb være, which means "to be." Last is the adjective ligegyldig, which means "unimportant," or "indifferent."
John: You can use this expression to say that something or someone doesn’t matter.
Nana: You must remember to conjugate the adjective.
John: How should it be conjugated?
Nana: It depends on what doesn’t matter. You have to take into account the gender and number of the subject.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Hans drømme er ligegyldige nu.
John: ...which means "His dreams do not matter now."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Nana: følge sin intuition
John: Meaning "to follow one's intuition." Can you break this expression down for us?
Nana: First is the irregular verb følge
John: which means "to follow" or "to go with."
Nana: Next, the possessive pronoun sin
John: which means "his," "her," "its," or "one's."
Nana: And finally the common gender noun intuition, which means....
John: “Intuition?”
Nana: That’s right! You can use this phrase in the same way that you would use the English version.
John: To follow one’s intuition.
Nana: Right. The possessive pronoun sin is only used in third-person singular when referring back to the subject in the sentence.
John: Can you give us an example using the phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Pigen skulle have fulgt sin intuition.
John: ...which means "The girl should have followed her intuition." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about discussing hopes and dreams.
John: What shall we look at first, Nana?
Nana: We’ll look at the interrogative pronouns hvad and hvem.
John: They’re used at the very beginning of a clause. What do these words mean?
Nana: They mean “what” and “who” respectively.
John: So they’re question words, one for things and one for people.
Nana: Yes. When these pronouns are used with verbs that have a preposition, hvad or hvem stay at the beginning of the sentence. The preposition goes to the end.
John: Let’s hear a couple of example sentences.
Nana: Hvad skete der med din drøm?
John: “What happened with your dream?”
Nana: Hvem ser du op til?
John: “Who do you look up to?”
Nana: Another interrogative pronoun is hvis.
John: This means “whose” and is often followed by a noun. What’s the sentence structure for asking who owns something?
Nana: Hvis, plus a noun, plus er det? Or, Hvis, plus a noun followed by a verb and the subject.
John: Let’s see it in action!
Nana: Hvis skyld er det?
John: “Whose fault is it?”
Nana: Hvis forslag valgte du?
John: “Whose suggestion did you choose?” Let’s finish this lesson by looking at one more way of using the interrogative pronoun for “what.”
Nana: We can use the phrase hvad for… to mean something similar to “which” or “what kind.”
John: This is only used in spoken Danish when asking for a specific element or elements out of a definite set. So we can use it for something like “What education have you had?”
Nana: Hvad for en uddannelse har du?
John: Or “What hopes did he have for the future?”
Nana: Hvad for nogle håb havde han for fremtiden?
John: That’s a deep question to end with!

Outro

John: And that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Nana: Hej hej!

2 Comments

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DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners, practice discussing your hopes and dreams in the comments!

Roger
Friday at 02:55 PM
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Hvem kommer hjem fra arbejde?

Hvad så I i biografen?

Hvis dreng er du?

Jeg drømmer, at nogen vil begynde at svare på mine kommentarer.

Jeg håber, at Danish 101 har andre studerende.