Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 17 - Are You Into Extreme Danish Sports? John here.
Nana: Hej I'm Nana.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn about describing things negatively. The conversation takes place at a festival.
Nana: It's between Sophia and Mia.
John: The speakers are friends. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Sofia: Banen er frygtelig med alt det mudder! Det skal nok blive et sjovt løb i år.
Mia: Du skulle ikke have deltaget i løbet ligesom min bror?
Sofia: Nej, jeg synes, det må være forfærdeligt at løbe så tæt på andre på så lidt plads.
Mia: Så du nøjes med at kigge på? Jeg tror, der er mange på festivalen, der har det på samme måde.
Sofia: Jeg vil hellere deltage i et af de mange kvindeløb senere i år.
Mia: Hvordan foregår det? Jeg overvejer at deltage i ét.
Sofia: Du kan tilmelde dig på nettet. Du får både et nummer og en goodie bag. Nogle gader bliver også afspærret.
Mia: Så der er plads nok at løbe på? Jeg har hørt, at det næsten er umuligt at overhale andre.
Sofia: Nogle tager det meget seriøst og råber ad andre, så de flytter sig for dem.
Mia: Det lyder en smule uretfærdigt. Det burde være lige fair for alle.
Sofia: Ja, men andre deltagere bliver åbenbart irrelevante for den type løbere.
Mia: Det virker også lidt asocialt. Jeg kunne forestille mig, at mange også gør det for hyggens skyld.
Sofia: Især efter løbet når alle får kage. Desværre får din bror kun ildelugtende mudder i dag.
John: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Sophia: The track is horrible with all that mud! Surely, it'll be a fun race this year.
Mia: Shouldn't you be participating in the race like my brother?
Sophia: No, I think it must be awful to run so close to others in such little space.
Mia: So you'll settle for watching? I think there are many at the festival who feel the same way.
Sophia: I'd rather participate in one of the many women's races later this year.
Mia: How does it work? I'm considering participating in one.
Sophia: You can sign up online. You get both a number and a goodie bag. Some streets will also be blocked.
Mia: So there's space enough to run? I've heard that it's almost impossible to overtake others.
Sophia: Some take it more seriously and yell at others so they'll move for them.
Mia: That sounds a bit unfair. It should be equally fair for everyone.
Sophia: Yes, but apparently other participants become irrelevant to that type of runner.
Mia: It also seems a little antisocial. I could imagine that many also do it just for fun.
Sophia: Especially after the race, when everyone gets cake. Unfortunately, your brother will only get smelly mud today.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: I don’t blame Sophia for skipping this race if it is really as muddy and crowded as it seems.
Nana: At least she’s not planning on skipping the races entirely. She said she wanted to do a women’s race later in the year.
John: During summer and late summer in Denmark, tons of women's runs are organized nationwide by some of the biggest women's magazines.
Nana: So she’ll have plenty to choose from!
John: How about marathons?
Nana: In May, the Copenhagen Marathon takes place.
John: So, there are marathons and women's races. Are there any other races in Denmark that we should know about?
Nana: There’s Nøgenløbet at the Roskilde Festival.
John: What kind of race is that?
Nana: Participants must run the route in the camping area twice - stark naked, of course.
John: Right… I think I’ll skip that naked run! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Nana: bane [natural native speed]
John: track, lane, path, railroad, course, ground, field, pitch, court
Nana: bane [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: bane [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: mudder [natural native speed]
John: mud
Nana: mudder [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: mudder [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: løb [natural native speed]
John: run, race
Nana: løb [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: løb [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: plads [natural native speed]
John: room, space, seat, square
Nana: plads [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: plads [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: nøjes med [natural native speed]
John: to settle for, to be content with
Nana: nøjes med [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: nøjes med [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: kigge på [natural native speed]
John: to look at, to glance at, to peep at
Nana: kigge på [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: kigge på [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: måde [natural native speed]
John: way, manner, fashion
Nana: måde [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: måde [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: deltage [natural native speed]
John: to participate
Nana: deltage [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: deltage [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Nana: løber [natural native speed]
John: runner
Nana: løber [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: løber [natural native speed]
John: And last...
Nana: skyld [natural native speed]
John: guilt, blame, fault, sake
Nana: skyld [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana: skyld [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Nana: alt det mudder
John: meaning "all that mud." What can you tell us about this expression?
Nana: First is the adjective alt,
John: which means "all,"
Nana: then the pronoun det,
John: which means "that,"
Nana: and finally the neuter gender noun mudder, which means "mud."
John: When do we use this phrase?
Nana: You use this phrase when expressing that you think there’s a lot of mud, perhaps a little too much for your liking.
John: Can we replace “mud” with other nouns?
Nana: Yes, you can. Just remember to keep alt det followed by a noun.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Du kommer ikke ind med alt det mudder på tøjet.
John: ...which means "You won't get in with all that mud on the clothes."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Nana: have det på samme måde
John: Meaning "to feel the same way." Can you break this expression down for us?
Nana: The first word is have,
John: which is the irregular verb "to have,"
Nana: the second word is the pronoun det,
John: which means "it,"
Nana: the third word is the preposition på,
John: which means "in,"
Nana: the fourth word is the adjective samme,
John: which means "the same,"
Nana: and finally the common gender noun måde, which means "way."
John: Thanks for that! There were a lot words to go through there.
Nana: Yes, have det på samme måde. “to feel the same way.”
John: Ah, that’s what the phrase means!
Nana: Yes! You can put a noun or a pronoun at the front, just remember to conjugate have.
John: Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Hans søster har det ikke helt på samme måde.
John: ...which means "His sister does not quite feel the same way."
John: Okay, what's the next phrase?
Nana: for hyggens skyld
John: Meaning "for the sake of the fun." What can you tell us about this expression?
Nana: First is the preposition for,
John: which means "for,"
Nana: then the common gender noun hygge
John: This is in definite form in genitive case and means "the nice times,"
Nana: and finally the common gender noun skyld, which means "sake."
John: This is equivalent to saying "for the sake of fun" or "for the sake of having a nice time."
Nana: The word hygge is not easy to translate directly, but it describes a nice, fun, cozy, and pleasant time or atmosphere.
John: Sounds like coziness is very important to Danes!
Nana: Yes, hygge is highly valued, so it’s very commonly used.
John: Can you give us an example using the phrase?
Nana: Sure. For example, you can say, Lad os være med for hyggens skyld!
John: ...which means "Let's join in for the sake of the fun." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about describing things negatively.
John: If we’re going to describe things, we might need some adjectives.
Nana: We do! Most adjectives can be negative in the right context. But there are some that are mainly negative.
John: That’s right. How do we use adjectives in Danish in a sentence?
Nana: You must remember to conjugate according to the gender and number.
John: Let’s hear some examples of negative adjectives. How about “bad” and its conjugations?
Nana: The dictionary form and common gender noun form is dårlig. For neuter gender nouns, it becomes dårligt. For nouns in plural form it is dårlige.
John: And one more - “difficult.” The dictionary form and common gender noun form of this adjective is…
Nana: svær. For neuter gender nouns, it becomes svært. For nouns in plural form, it’s svære.
John: And let’s hear some sentences.
Nana: Jeg synes, at han er besværlig.
John: “I think that he is troublesome.”
Nana: Hun fik en voldsom hovedpine af at løbe i varmen.
John: “She got an intense headache from running in the heat.”
Nana: There are more adjective examples in the lesson notes.
John: Are there other ways to make negative adjectives? In English, we can sometimes use prefixes, such as “unpleasant” or “impolite.”
Nana: There are some prefixes in Danish too: a-, i-, and u-. Sometimes these prefixes change slightly, depending on the first letter of the adjective.
John: Beware of that, listeners! Let’s hear an example using Danish for the adjective “illiterate.”
Nana: This uses the a- prefix, but it changes to an- because the adjective starts with a vowel.
John: It’s good to see an exception in practice! Alright, the dictionary form and common gender noun form of this adjective is
Nana: analfabetisk. For neuter gender nouns, we also use analfabetisk. For nouns in plural form, it’s analfabetiske.
John: Let’s have another example. How about “irrational?”
Nana: The dictionary form and common gender noun form is irrationel.
John And for neuter gender nouns?
Nana: irrationelt.
John: For nouns in plural form?
Nana: That’s irrationelle.
John: And finally, one last example sentence using a negative adjective.
Nana: Din uintelligente kæreste er på vej herhen.
John: “Your unintelligent boyfriend is on his way here.”

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Nana: Hej hej!

2 Comments

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DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Try describing something negatively in the comments.

Roger
Tuesday at 02:56 PM
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Jeg får en dårlig løn.

Jeg har dårlig ånde.

Jeg har et grimt hus.

De er mine grimme søstre.