Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John:
Hi everyone, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 25 - Did You Miss Out on the Danish Job You Wanted? John here.
Nana:
Hej I'm Nana.
John:
In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express thoughts, opinions, and degrees of certainty with the verb “to think.” The conversation takes place at the bar.
Nana:
It's between Sophia and Emily.
John:
The speakers are friends. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Sofia:
Har du fået svar på din ansøgning? Jeg synes, du virker lidt nedtrykt.
Emilie:
Ja, jeg talte med min chef tidligere i dag, og hun har valgt en af de mandlige ansøgere.
Sofia:
Det er løgn! Jeg ville mene, du var den oplagte kandidat til jobbet. Du er jo i forvejen praktikant.
Emilie:
Ja, men det kan være svært for kvinder i 20'erne at blive fastansat.
Sofia:
På grund af for lidt erfaring eller...?
Emilie:
Nej, fordi vi ikke har fået nogle børn endnu.
Sofia:
Der er da mange på vores alder, som kan få arbejde, selvom de ikke har børn.
Emilie:
Ja, men de er måske heller ikke i et fast forhold. Jeg tænkte nok, jeg skulle have tiet stille.
Sofia:
Jeg mener stadig, man kommer længst med ærlighed. Selvom det kan være frustrerende.
Emilie:
Jeg synes, det ville være mærkeligt at skulle holde en kæreste eller mand hemmelig.
Sofia:
Ja, bare for at forbedre sine chancer i fremtiden. Du kunne også bare få børn nu.
Emilie:
Ha ha, meget morsomt! Jon ville løbe skrigende væk.
Sofia:
Men så er du heller ikke længere i et fast forhold. Jeg tror, vi har fundet en løsning! Skål!
John:
Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Sophia:
Have you gotten an answer about your application? I think you seem a little depressed.
Emily:
Yes, I spoke to my boss earlier today, and she has chosen one of the male applicants.
Sophia:
No way! I would think you were the obvious candidate for the job. You're already an intern.
Emily:
Yes, but it can be hard for women in their 20s to become permanently employed.
Sophia:
Because of too little experience...?
Emily:
No, because we haven't had any children yet.
Sophia:
Surely, there are many women our age who can get jobs, even though they don't have children.
Emily:
Yes, but they might not be in a committed relationship. I thought as much, and I should have kept silent.
Sophia:
I still think you’ll get furthest with honesty. Even though it can be frustrating.
Emily:
I think it would be strange having to keep a boyfriend or husband a secret.
Sophia:
Yes, just to improve your chances in the future. You could also just have children now.
Emily:
Ha ha, very funny! Jon would run away screaming.
Sophia:
But then you won't be in a committed relationship any longer either. I think we've found a solution! Cheers!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John:
It’s a shame Emily didn’t get the job.
Nana:
Yeah, maybe she can try again next time.
John:
She lost the job to a male applicant. Are men and women treated equally in Denmark?
Nana:
Ligestillingsloven, or the Gender Equality Act, promotes the idea that men and women are equal and should be treated equally.
John:
I guess it also tries to stamp out discrimination and harassment.
Nana:
That’s right. Denmark is pretty progressive compared to some other countries, but it still has some way to go.
John:
What are some of the problems facing women in Denmark?
Nana:
Well, men and women in the same position don’t always get paid equally.
John:
Are most of the management positions still held by men?
Nana:
They are.
John:
How about employees with families? How are they treated?
Nana:
Actually, single and childless employees, male and female, might not receive the same pay as those with families. They’re often last to choose when to go on vacation, since they’re considered more flexible.
John:
So yes, there’s still some work to be done there. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John:
Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Nana:
ansøgning [natural native speed]
John:
application
Nana:
ansøgning [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
ansøgning [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
nedtrykt [natural native speed]
John:
depressed
Nana:
nedtrykt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
nedtrykt [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
mandlig [natural native speed]
John:
male
Nana:
mandlig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
mandlig [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
løgn [natural native speed]
John:
lie
Nana:
løgn [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
løgn [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
i forvejen [natural native speed]
John:
in advance, ahead
Nana:
i forvejen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
i forvejen [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
fastansætte [natural native speed]
John:
to permanently employ
Nana:
fastansætte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
fastansætte [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
erfaring [natural native speed]
John:
experience
Nana:
erfaring [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
erfaring [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
hemmelig [natural native speed]
John:
secret, hidden
Nana:
hemmelig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
hemmelig [natural native speed]
John:
Next we have...
Nana:
væk [natural native speed]
John:
away, gone, off
Nana:
væk [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
væk [natural native speed]
John:
And last...
Nana:
løsning [natural native speed]
John:
solution
Nana:
løsning [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Nana:
løsning [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John:
Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is...
Nana:
være løgn
John:
meaning "to be a lie." What can you tell us about this phrase?
Nana:
The phrase consists of the irregular verb være,
John:
which means "to be,"
Nana:
and the common gender noun løgn, which means "lie."
John:
So this phrase is used when something is not true, or is hard to believe.
Nana:
Yes. And, you can use it to show how surprised you are that something has happened.
John:
In that case, it can be used both positively and negatively.
Nana:
That’s right.
John:
Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Nana:
Sure. For example, you can say, Sig, det er løgn!
John:
...which means "Say it is a lie!"
John:
Okay, what's the next phrase?
Nana:
holde hemmelig
John:
Meaning "to keep secret." What can you tell us about this expression?
Nana:
The first word, holde, is the irregular verb "to hold" or "to keep." The second word, hemmelig, is the adjective "secret" or "hidden."
John:
How’s this phrase used?
Nana:
It’s used to talk about something that’s being kept secret or hidden.
John:
Whatever you’re keeping secret or hidden is added right after the verb.
Nana:
Remember to conjugate the adjective accordingly.
John:
Can you give us an example using this phrase?
Nana:
Sure. For example, you can say, Det er svært at holde svaret hemmeligt.
John:
...which means "It is difficult to keep the answer a secret."
John:
Okay, what's the next word?
Nana:
løbe skrigende væk
John:
Meaning "to run away screaming." Let’s break this down.
Nana:
The phrase consists of the irregular verb løbe,
John:
which means "to run,"
Nana:
the adjective skrigende,
John:
which means "screaming,"
Nana:
and finally the adverb væk, which means "away."
John:
And it means to run away screaming. Literally?
Nana:
No, it’s usually used figuratively to talk about getting away from a situation that you don’t like for some reason.
John:
Are there any variations on this phrase?
Nana:
You might hear the adverb bort instead of væk. It makes no difference to the meaning.
John:
Can you give us an example using the original phrase?
Nana:
Sure. For example, you can say, De løb skrigende væk efter første opgave.
John:
...which means "They ran away screaming after the first assignment."
John:
Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John:
In this lesson, you'll learn about expressing thoughts, opinions, and degrees of certainty with the verb “to think.”
John:
What is the Danish verb for “to think?”
Nana:
You can use the irregular verb synes. It’s used to express a personal opinion of something debatable. Something that has no correct answer.
John:
Are there any other words?
Nana:
You can also use the regular verb tro. It’s used when expressing uncertainty about what you’re saying.
John:
So that can be used for guesses. You can use that second one for theories when you don’t have personal experience in something.
Nana:
That’s right. If you conjugate tro in past tense, you can use it to say that you found out that you were mistaken.
John:
Let’s hear some example sentences.
Nana:
Hun synes, det er en smule uretfærdigt.
John:
“She thinks it is a bit unfair.”
Nana:
Min ven troede, jeg ville få jobbet, men det gjorde jeg ikke.
John:
“My friend thought I would get the job, but I didn’t.”
Nana:
There’s also the regular verb mene.
John:
You can use this when expressing a certain opinion or view on something based on conviction, without being able to verify at the given moment. An example, please!
Nana:
Nogle mener, det er ens egen skyld.
John:
“Some people think it is one’s own fault.”
Nana:
De mener ikke, hun kunne have gjort det bedre.
John:
“They don’t think she could have done it better.”
Nana:
One last word that I want to introduce is tænke.
John:
You can use this when referring to the mental process of actually thinking.
Nana:
An example is, Vi tænker på at oprette endnu en stilling.
John:
“We are thinking about creating another position.”
Nana:
Pigen tænkte, det hele nok skulle gå til sidst.
John:
“The girl thought it would all be okay eventually.”

Outro

John:
Okay, that’s all for this lesson and this series. Thank you for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Nana:
Hej hej!

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