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Lesson Transcript

Beginner Season 1 Lesson 5 -The Danish Weather is Predictably Unpredictable!
INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Beginner Season 1 Lesson 5 - The Danish Weather is Predictably Unpredictable! Eric here.
Anna: Hej! I'm Anna.
Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use past continuous tense and some typical weather expressions. The conversation takes place at the station.
Anna: It's between Camille and Benedikte.
Eric: The speakers are family members. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Camille: Lad os skynde os indenfor.
Benedikte: Sikke et regnvejr!
Camille: Ja, himlen var blå og skyfri, og solen skinnede for lidt siden.
Benedikte: Det kan hurtigt skifte om vinteren.
Camille: Jeg ville ønske, det ikke var så koldt.
Benedikte: Eller at det ville sne i stedet for at regne.
Camille: Ja, men ikke for meget. Ellers stopper togene måske med at køre.
Benedikte: Nårh, ja. Det er rigtigt.
Camille: Hey, nu hagler det!
Eric: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Camille: Lad os skynde os indenfor.
Benedikte: Sikke et regnvejr!
Camille: Ja, himlen var blå og skyfri, og solen skinnede for lidt siden.
Benedikte: Det kan hurtigt skifte om vinteren.
Camille: Jeg ville ønske, det ikke var så koldt.
Benedikte: Eller at det ville sne i stedet for at regne.
Camille: Ja, men ikke for meget. Ellers stopper togene måske med at køre.
Benedikte: Nårh, ja. Det er rigtigt.
Camille: Hey, nu hagler det!
Eric: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Camille: Lad os skynde os indenfor.
Camille: Let's hurry inside.
Benedikte: Sikke et regnvejr!
Benedikte: What rainy weather!
Camille: Ja, himlen var blå og skyfri, og solen skinnede for lidt siden.
Camille: Yes, the sky was blue and cloudless and the sun was shining a little while ago.
Benedikte: Det kan hurtigt skifte om vinteren.
Benedikte: It can change quickly during the winter.
Camille: Jeg ville ønske, det ikke var så koldt.
Camille: I wish it wasn’t so cold.
Benedikte: Eller at det ville sne i stedet for at regne.
Benedikte: Or that it would snow instead of rain.
Camille: Ja, men ikke for meget. Ellers stopper togene måske med at køre.
Camille: Yes, but not too much. Otherwise, the trains might stop running.
Benedikte: Nårh, ja. Det er rigtigt.
Benedikte: Oh, yeah. That's right.
Camille: Hey, nu hagler det!
Camille: Hey, it's hailing now!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Anna, I guess Denmark has all four seasons, like any other country in Europe.
Anna: Right. The winter spans from December to February, the spring from March to May, summer includes the months of June, July, and August, and autumn goes from September to November.
Eric: And what about the weather in Denmark?
Anna: It’s very unpredictable. Snow can fall as late in the year as April or May, it can be hot even in October, and sometimes it rains all through the winter.
Eric: Some scientists say that many countries are experiencing seasonal shifts due to global warming. Do you think this is happening in Denmark?
Anna: Maybe. Or maybe it’s just the Danish weather doing what it does best - being unpredictable.
Eric: Okay.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: regnvejr [natural native speed]
Eric: rainy weather
Anna: regnvejr [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: regnvejr [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: himmel [natural native speed]
Eric: sky, heaven
Anna: himmel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: himmel [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: skyfri [natural native speed]
Eric: cloudless
Anna: skyfri [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: skyfri [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: sol [natural native speed]
Eric: sun
Anna: sol [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: sol [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: at skinne [natural native speed]
Eric: to shine
Anna: at skinne [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at skinne [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: at skifte [natural native speed]
Eric: to change, to switch
Anna: at skifte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at skifte [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: at sne [natural native speed]
Eric: to snow
Anna: at sne [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at sne [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: at regne [natural native speed]
Eric: to rain
Anna: at regne [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at regne [natural native speed]
Eric: Next we have..
Anna: ellers [natural native speed]
Eric: or, or else, otherwise
Anna: ellers [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: ellers [natural native speed]
Eric: And last..
Anna: at hagle [natural native speed]
Eric: to hail
Anna: at hagle [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: at hagle [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Eric: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Anna: himmel
Eric: which means “sky,” or “heaven.”
Anna: Himmel is often used in reference to the weather or the sky's appearance at different times of the day.
Eric: If you want to refer to “heaven” or “paradise,” remember to always use the definite singular form,
Anna: himlen.
Eric: Can you give us an example using this word?
Anna: Sure. For example, you can say.. Himmelen ligner et flammehav.
Eric: ..which means “The sky looks like a sea of flames.” Okay, what's the next word?
Anna: skyfri
Eric: which means “cloudless.”
Anna: Skyfri consists of the noun sky, meaning “cloud,” and the adjective fri which means “free.”
Eric: You can use this adjective to describe the weather when the sky is clear and sunny.
Anna: A less common usage of skyfri is a figurative use of the word, in reference to a person's facial expression or carefree and sorrowless life.
Eric: Can you give us an example using this word?
Anna: Sure. For example, you can say.. Endelig en skyfri dag!
Eric: .. which means “Finally a cloudless day!” Okay, what's the next word?
Anna: ellers
Eric: which means “or, or else, otherwise.” It can also be used as the equivalent of “in addition” or “in addition to this.”
Anna: Another way to use the word ellers is to emphasize a statement, equivalent to the English expressions “indeed,” or “certainly.” If you want to decline an offer politely, you can say ellers tak, which literally means “otherwise thanks.”
Eric: Can you give us an example using this word?
Anna: Sure. For example, you can say.. Den nye chef virker ellers flink.
Eric: .. which means “The new boss seems nice otherwise.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Eric: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the past continuous tense and typical weather expressions.
Anna: Ok, let’s start with the past continuous tense.
Eric: The past continuous tense is used to describe an ongoing action in the past, or something that was taking place when something else happened.
Anna: Note, however, that in Danish, the past continuous tense is only used when you want to emphasize the process that was happening in the past.
Eric: Right. and to do this, we can choose between three different phrases -
Anna: være i færd med, være i gang med, and være ved at
Eric: All of these three phrases are equivalent to the verb “be” plus the second verb in -ing form. Here we have an example -
Anna: Using the first pattern - Jeg var i færd med at spise.
Eric: “I was eating.”
Anna: Jeg is the pronoun “I,” var is the verb at være, “to be” in past tense meaning “was,” and spise means “eat.” I færd med is used to create the progressive tense of the verb, equivalent to adding the ing-form in English. So it can’t be translated on its own.
Eric: Now let’s use the second pattern.
Anna: Jeg var i gang med at spise
Eric: Which has the same meaning - “I was eating.”
Anna: Right, and using the third pattern we have - Jeg var ved at spise.
Eric: Again, “I was eating.”
Anna: You can also use the verb lave, meaning “to do” or “to make,” to form the past continuous tense.
Eric: Listeners, you can find out how to conjugate this verb and more examples in the Lesson Notes.
Anna: Ok, let’s move on to our next grammar point - typical weather expressions.
Eric: No matter what the language, this subject will always come in handy when you are starting a conversation.
Anna: Exactly! Listeners, there is a conjugated chart with common weather-related verbs in the Lesson Notes, so be sure to check them out.
Eric: Now let’s move on to talk about how to form weather-related nouns in Danish.
Anna: This is really simple – you can form weather-related nouns by adding the suffix -vejr to a general noun.
Eric: Does this suffix have a meaning by itself?
Anna: Yes, it does. The neuter gender noun vejr by itself means “weather.”
Eric: And as a suffix, it is used to create weather-related nouns, or is used to describe what kind of weather is happening at a given time.
Anna: The noun remains exactly the same, we just add -vejr at the end.
Eric: You can turn any noun into a new one that describes the current type of weather. For example -
Anna: regn,
Eric: meaning “rain,”
Anna: Plus vejr becomes regnvejr
Eric: meaning “rainy weather.”
Anna: Note that the nouns ending with -vejr are all neuter gender nouns, because vejr is a neuter gender noun by itself.
Eric: Anna, when we’re creating nouns like this, do we need to add or remove any letters?
Anna: Generally no, but of course there are some exceptions.
Eric: Okay, now before we go, can you give us a couple more examples?
Anna: Sure! For example, tordenvejr
Eric: “thunderstorm”
Anna: snevejr
Eric: “snowy weather”
Eric: Ok, let’s use those in sample sentences.
Anna: Good idea. Sikke et tordenvejr i går!
Eric: “What a thunderstorm yesterday!”
Anna: Kør ikke ud i snevejret!
Eric: “Do not drive out into the snowy weather!”

Outro

Eric: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Anna: Vi ses!

10 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello! Are there four seasons in your country as well?

Luca P. Gentile
Thursday at 12:40 AM
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I have a similar question of Seol,


¨Jeg ville ønske¨


What´s the usage of ´ville´ in this sentence?

Is it the modal?

Can you give me more information, please?

DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 01:27 AM
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Hello Lee,


Thank you for leaving the comment!


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team DanishClass101.com

Lee Anne
Friday at 10:06 PM
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Der er fire sæsoner i Canada. Denne sommer har været regnvejr.

DanishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:21 PM
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Hej Seol.


Tak for dit spørgsmål.


Jeg forstår, hvordan det kan volde dig problemer, da det ikke er helt nemt.


I datid dropper man simpelthen modalverbet og siger: "Jeg ønskede, det ikke var så koldt" eller "Jeg ønskede mig, det ikke var så koldt".


Spørg endelig, hvis der er mere, du gerne vil vide.


Bedste hilsner


Marc

Team DanishClass101.com

Seol
Monday at 07:17 PM
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Hej


Jeg har et spørgsmål.

Hvordan kan jeg sige "Jeg ville ønske, det ikke var så koldt" i datid?


På forhånd tak for jeres hjælp.

DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 03:22 PM
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Hej David.


Tak for rosen. Det er vi så glad for at høre. 👍❤️️ Super at det hjælper dig til at lære dansk. 😄


Linda,

Team DanishClasses101.com

David
Monday at 01:12 AM
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Dette er en virklig godt laernings system. Jeg var et udvekslings student 30+ aar siden, og det har vaert veiklig vanskelig at finder bestander at laere dansk. jeg var saa glad at finder jeres site!! Tak til alle at har levered den!!

DanishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:58 AM
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Thanks for commenting Sebastien. 😜


Cheers


Linda

Team DanishClasses101.com

Sebastien Porsenna
Saturday at 08:42 AM
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Ja.