Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hello and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 14 - Do You Want Ice Cream With That in Denmark? I’m Gina.
Anna: Hej! And I’m Anna. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the verb ville to express that you want something or want to do something.
Gina: Being able to get yourself heard is important when you’re in a foreign country. So let’s get started!
Anna: The conversation takes place in an apartment and is between Emma, William, and Peter.
Gina: The speakers are friends, and they’re speaking standard Danish.
DIALOGUE
Emma: Vil du hjælpe mig med tallerknerne?
William: Ja, da. Det vil jeg gerne.
Emma: Vil I have is nu?
William and Peter: Ja, tak!
Emma: Would you help me with the plates?
William: Yes, sure, I will.
Emma: Do you want ice cream now?
William and Peter: Yes, please!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: Anna, can you tell us a little about Danish dormitory dining culture?
Anna: In Denmark, it’s very common for students living in dormitories to cook and eat together, because it’s a good way to socialize and save money on food.
Gina: So, they cram everyone together in one person’s room or…?
Anna: No, the larger dormitories have common rooms and kitchens, so they'll cook and eat there.
Gina: And who’s going to clean up then?
Anna: It’s customary to always clean up after yourself, but people usually take turns to cook and clean, if they are part of a common dining arrangement with others.
Gina: Not all students cook together, I suppose.
Anna: Right. But it’s a great way to get to know your neighbours, and you might even make lots of international friends and try food from their culture.
Gina: That sounds great!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Anna, what do we have first?
Anna: The first word is hjælpe [pause] Hjælpe.
Gina: This is a verb and means “help,” “assist,” or “aid” in English.
Anna: Yes, but the vowel -æ in hjælpe changes to an -a in past tense.
Gina: So if I want to say “I helped” it’s…
Anna: Jeg hjalp [pause] Jeg hjalp. The first word jeg is the pronoun “I,” and the second word is hjælpe in past tense.
Gina: How do you say it in present tense?
Anna: To make the present tense form you simply add -r to the infinitive form as usual, so it becomes hjælper [pause] Hjælper.
Gina: Excellent! Remember, listeners, that the -h is silent when it’s followed by a -j.
Anna: Yes, you pronounce hjælpe as ‘jælpe, not hjælpe with an emphasis on -j.
Gina: Great. What’s next?
Anna: Next is the phrase Ja, da, which means something like “Yes, sure” or “Yes, of course.”
Gina: Instead of simply saying “yes,” you can express that it’s a given by adding da.
Anna: For example, if someone has asked if it's okay to do something, you can reply Ja, da to express “Yes, of course, it’s okay” or it's more than okay to do it.
Gina: Let’s hear it again.
Anna: Ja, da [pause] Ja, da.
Gina: Great. What do we have next?
Anna: Next we have the common gender noun is.
Gina: This can refer to both "ice cream" and just "ice."
Anna: Yes, and you make the definite form by adding -en to the end of the word, so it becomes isen [pause] Isen.
Gina: And how do you say “an ice cream”?
Anna: En is [pause] En is.
Gina: Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use the verb ville.
Anna: You can use ville to express what you want or what you want to do.
Gina: It has several meanings, but in this lesson, we'll use the meaning “want to.”
Anna: If you want a cup of coffee, for example, you say Jeg vil have en kop kaffe [pause] Jeg vil have en kop kaffe.
Gina: Which means “I want a cup of coffee” or “I want to have a cup of coffee.”
Anna: The first word jeg is the pronoun “I,” vil is ville in present tense form, but it's also categorized as a Danish modal verb.
Gina: Modal verbs are usually followed by a verb in infinitive form, which was also the case here.
Anna: That’s right. After vil we say have, which is the verb “have” in infinitive form. Together vil have means “want.”
Gina: And finally, en kop kaffe means “a cup of coffee.”
Anna: So that gives us Jeg vil have en kop kaffe.
Gina: This sounds a bit… Demanding, doesn’t it?
Anna: It does, and that’s why Danes add the adverb gerne after the modal verb vil. Gerne makes your tone sound softer and less like a kid demanding something.
Gina: So if we use the sentence from before, it becomes…
Anna: Jeg vil gerne have en kop kaffe [pause] Jeg vil gerne have en kop kaffe.
Gina: In English it still means “I want a cup of coffee,” but now it’s closer to “I would like a cup of coffee,” which sounds more polite.
Anna: Right. This also goes for sentences in which you express what you want to do.
Gina: Can you give us an example?
Anna: Jeg vil gerne spise kage [pause] Jeg vil gerne spise kage.
Gina: This means “I want to eat cake” or “I would like to eat cake.”
Anna: Jeg means “I,” vil gerne means “would like to,” spise is the verb “eat” in infinitive form, and kage means “cake.”
Gina: So what if you don’t want something, or don’t want to do something?
Anna: Then you can add the adverb ikke instead of gerne in the sentence. Ikke means “not.”
Gina: And what if you don’t want to eat cake, which is highly unlikely though...
Anna: (laughs) In that case, you say Jeg vil ikke spise kage [pause] Jeg vil ikke spise kage.

Outro

Gina: Okay, listeners, that’s all for now. Be sure to check out the lesson notes for more examples and info on this lesson’s grammar. And you can always leave us a comment at DanishClass101.com.
Anna: Yes, we’re happy to help!
Gina: Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye!
Anna: Hej hej!

11 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

DanishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! Hvad vil du have?

Yomna
Monday at 09:36 PM
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jeg vil gerne drikke en cop kaffe

❤️️ mange tak

DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:18 PM
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Hello Diego,


That is great to hear, Just keep it up with the lessons and you will learn Danish in no time.


Cheers,


Linda

Team DanishClasses101.com

Diego Pertuz
Wednesday at 10:11 AM
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Hej, Jeg vil gerne mere dansk Lære!!! 😄

Team DanishClass101.com
Monday at 07:41 PM
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Hej Ali


Thank you for posting.


"I" is the plural form of "du."


Hope you will continue to enjoy learning Danish with us.

If you have any other questions, please let us know.


Thank you!


Amalie

Team DanishClass101.com

Ali
Thursday at 09:25 PM
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Hej

In the dialog , "I" is used instead of "du"

, why?

Team DanishClass101.com
Thursday at 05:57 PM
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Hej SANTHOSH SHIVARUDRAIAH


Thank you for commenting.


Yes, "et stykke" is "a piece" in English.


Hope you will continue to enjoy learning Danish with us.


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Mange tak!


Amalie

Team DanishClass101.com

SANTHOSH SHIVARUDRAIAH
Wednesday at 10:03 PM
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Hej Amalie,


"stykke" is piece in English right :)


Mange Tak,


SANTHOSH SHIVARURAIAH

SANTHOSH SHIVARUDRAIAH
Wednesday at 10:00 PM
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Goddag Amalie,


Chili og tomat Pasta og du Amalie :)


I am really enjoying your Danish lessons and thanks a lot for helping :)


Mange Tak,


Farvel

SANTHOSH SHIVARUDRAIAH

Team DanishClass101.com
Monday at 09:13 PM
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Hej SarahM


Thank you for your comment.


Jeg vil også gerne have et stykke chokolade :smile:


Hope you will continue to enjoy our Danish lessons, and if you have any questions please let us know.


Mange tak!


Amalie

Team DanishClass101.com

SarahM
Saturday at 08:32 PM
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Jeg vil gerne have et stykke chokolade... :laughing:

Mange tak for the lessons, I am really enjoying it and it is very helpful.