Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hello and welcome back to DanishClass101.com. This is Absolute Beginner, season 1, lesson 21, I See Danish Snacks in Your Future! I’m Gina.
Anna: Hej! And I’m Anna.
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about doing intentional actions in the future using future and present tense verbs.
Anna: The conversation takes place outside the movies, and it’s between Emma, William, and Peter, who are talking about where to go and what to do next.
Gina: The speakers are friends, and they’re speaking standard Danish. Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Emma: Sikke en film.
William: Ja, skal vi gå i parken senere?
Peter: Ja, lad os det.
Emma: Køber vi snacks på vejen?
William: Jeg troede, du havde fået nok i biografen.
Gina: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Emma: Sikke en film.
William: Ja, skal vi gå i parken senere?
Peter: Ja, lad os det.
Emma: Køber vi snacks på vejen?
William: Jeg troede, du havde fået nok i biografen.
Gina: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Emma: Sikke en film.
Gina: What a movie!
William: Ja, skal vi gå i parken senere?
Gina: Yes, are we going to the park later?
Peter: Ja, lad os det.
Gina: Yes, let’s do that.
Emma: Køber vi snacks på vejen?
Gina: Will we buy snacks on the way?
William: Jeg troede, du havde fået nok i biografen.
Gina: I thought you'd had enough at the cinema.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: Okay, let’s talk a little about Danish parks and recreation.
Anna: That’s a good idea! Danish cities have a lot of green areas, such as parks and also recreation grounds, including playgrounds for the kids.
Gina: I can imagine a lot of Danes like to hang out in the park, especially during summer.
Anna: That’s right. And if you plan to stay long and perhaps take a nap, make sure you take a blanket onto the grass!
Gina: Sounds lovely! Is there room for playing sports or lawn games?
Anna: In the larger parks there is. You'll most likely see people playing frisbee and the game Pétanque, where you try to throw metal balls as close as possible to a smaller ball thrown at the beginning of the game.
Gina: Oh, I love that game!
Anna: Me, too.
Gina: Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Gina: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Anna: sikke en film [natural native speed]
Gina: What a movie!
Anna: sikke en film [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: sikke en film [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: gå [natural native speed]
Gina: to go, to pass, to walk, to leave
Anna: gå [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: gå [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: park [natural native speed]
Gina: park
Anna: park [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: park [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: senere [natural native speed]
Gina: later, afterwards
Anna: senere [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: senere [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: lad os det [natural native speed]
Gina: let’s do it, let’s do that
Anna: lad os det [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: lad os det [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: købe [natural native speed]
Gina: buy, purchase
Anna: købe [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: købe [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: snack [natural native speed]
Gina: snack
Anna: snack [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: snack [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: på vejen [natural native speed]
Gina: on the way, on the road, on the street
Anna: på vejen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: på vejen [natural native speed]
Next:
Anna: nok [natural native speed]
Gina: enough, probably
Anna: nok [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: nok [natural native speed]
And Last:
Anna: biograf [natural native speed]
Gina: cinema
Anna: biograf [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna: biograf [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’s first?
Anna: First we have senere. [pause] Senere.
Gina: As an adjective, it means “later” and is used like in English.
Anna: For example, Jeg kommer på et senere tidspunkt means “I'll come at a later time.” Breaking this down, Jeg means “I,” kommer is the verb “come” in present tense, på means “at,” et means “a,” senere means “later,” and tidspunkt means “time.”
Gina: As a comparative, senere is used as an adverb.
Anna: For example, Vi ordner det senere. [pause] Vi ordner det senere.
Gina: This means “We'll take care of it later.”
Anna: Vi means “we,” ordner is the verb “take care of” in present tense, det means “it,” and senere means “later.”
Gina: Okay, what’s next?
Anna: Lad os det. [pause] Lad os det.
Gina: This means “let’s do it” or “let’s do that,” if it follows an interjection, such as ja, which means “yes.”
Anna: Lad is the verb “let” in imperative, os means “us,” and det means “it” or “that” and refers to whatever it is you're going to do.
Gina: Great. What’s next?
Anna: På vejen. [pause] På vejen.
Gina: This means “on the way,” “on the road,” or “on the street.”
Anna: På is the preposition “on” and vejen is the common gender noun “way” or “road” with the definite article -en.
Gina: The phrase is used in the same ways in Danish as in English, for when something is on the way or happens on the way to somewhere.
Anna: Or more literally when something or someone is on the road or the street.
Gina: Can you repeat it for our listeners?
Anna: Sure. På vejen. [pause] På vejen.
Gina: Great, now let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about doing intentional actions in the future using future and present tense.
Anna: The future tense is constructed using the auxiliary verb skal, which is the verb “have to” in present tense, followed by a verb in infinitive.
Gina: Can you give us an example?
Anna: Vi skal rejse til København i weekenden. [pause] Vi skal rejse til København i weekenden.
Gina: This means “We're traveling to Copenhagen on the weekend.”
Anna: Vi means “we,” skal rejse means “are traveling,” til means “to,” København means “Copenhagen,” i means “in,” and weekenden means “the weekend.”
Gina: Another way to use future tense in Danish is by simply conjugating verbs in present tense.
Anna: Yes, and this means that Danish verbs are conjugated the same in present tense and future tense.
Gina: That seems doable!
Anna: But remember to follow it with an expression of time in the future, like i weekenden, which we just learned means “on the weekend.”
Gina: So what would the previous sentence be now?
Anna: Vi rejser til København i weekenden. [pause] Vi rejser til København i weekenden.
Gina: This literally means “We travel to Copenhagen in the weekend,” but it’s equivalent to “We'll travel to Copenhagen on the weekend.”
Anna: The auxiliary verb skal has been removed and the verb rejser, which means “travel,” is in present tense.
Gina: Regular verbs are conjugated in present tense by adding -r to the infinitive form.
Anna: That’s right. The verb skulle, however, is skal in present tense, because it's irregular.
Gina: What else can you tell us about this verb?
Anna: Well, as a third option, you can actually use skal to express future tense, when you want to say where you're going in the future.
Gina: Can you give us an example?
Anna: Vi skal til København i weekenden. [pause] Vi skal til København i weekenden.
Gina: This means “We're going to Copenhagen on the weekend.”
Anna: Here, skal is the present tense of the verb “be going,” which can be used to express where you're going in the future.
Gina: So in this case, you don’t actually need an expression of time in the sentence?
Anna: Not really, because you know from the context that you're going in the future. Even if it’s in the very near future, like in five minutes.

Outro

Gina: Okay, listeners, that’s all for this lesson!
Anna: Remember to check out the lesson notes for more examples and information!
Gina: Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time!
Anna: Hej hej!

3 Comments

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DanishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners, do you enjoy going to the park?!

Team DanishClass101.com
Monday at 08:25 PM
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Hi sarah,


Thank you for commenting.


Here is a little correction:

"Ja, det gør jeg. Jeg kan godt lide at gå i parken."


You were VERY close! :smile:


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Thank you!


Amalie

Team DanishClass101.com

sarah
Friday at 03:10 AM
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Ja, det gøre jeg. Jeg kan lide at gå i parken.

Yes, i do. I like going to the park..

Please correct me if i'm wrong. Tak. :sweat_smile::smile: