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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Hi everyone, Becky here, and welcome back DanishClass101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp Lesson 4: Counting from 1-100 in Danish. This is the fourth in a five-part series that will help you ease your way into Danish.
Anna: Goddag, jeg er Anna. I’m Anna. In this lesson, you will learn one of the essentials in Danish… numbers!
Becky: Yes, we'll start with the basics. In this lesson, we will count from one to ten.
Anna: This conversation takes place at a gym.
Becky: It’s between Peter and his coach, who will be counting his push-ups. Let's listen to the conversation.
Coach: en, og, to, og, tre, og,
Coach: fire, og, fem, og, seks, og,
Coach: syv, og, otte, og, ni, og, ti!
Becky: Now, let's hear it with the English translation.
Coach: en, og, to, og, tre, og,
Becky: one, and, two, and, three, and,
Coach: fire, og, fem, og, seks, og,
Becky: four, and, five, and, six, and,
Coach: syv, og, otte, og, ni, og, ti!
Becky: seven, and, eight, and, nine, and, ten!
Becky: Listeners, you may be feeling that all these numbers sound very different to English.
Anna: Well, they are quite different. But once you know how to count from one to ten, learning the rest is easy.
Becky: On checks, receipts and the like, you might come across the sum written with both numbers and letters in order to avoid any misunderstandings. So this is a good way to practice if you are not completely sure how to say the number.
Anna: Yes, and when the number is written with letters, the so-called Nordic numerals are normally used. If you check out the lesson notes, we’re sure you’ll see a pattern in those numbers right away!
Becky: So take a look! Now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Anna en [natural native speed]
Becky one
Anna en [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna en [natural native speed]
Anna to [natural native speed]
Becky Two
Anna to [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna to [natural native speed]
Anna tre [natural native speed]
Becky Three
Anna tre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna tre [natural native speed]
Anna fire [natural native speed]
Becky Four
Anna fire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna fire [natural native speed]
Anna fem [natural native speed]
Becky Five
Anna fem [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna fem [natural native speed]
Anna seks [natural native speed]
Becky Six
Anna seks [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna seks [natural native speed]
Anna syv [natural native speed]
Becky Seven
Anna syv [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna syv [natural native speed]
Anna otte [natural native speed]
Becky Eight
Anna otte [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna otte [natural native speed]
Anna ni [natural native speed]
Becky nine (9)
Anna ni [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna ni [natural native speed]
Anna ti [natural native speed]
Becky ten (10)
Anna ti [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Anna ti [natural native speed]
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Anna, we’ve got the basic numbers one to ten, but how can we count above 10?
Anna: Well, the numbers from 11 to 19 are rather irregular, but after you’ve reached 20, counting in Danish is easy.
Becky: Oh... Can you tell us a little more about these irregular numbers?
Anna: Sure. To make the numbers 13-19, you add the suffix “-ten,” which is equivalent to “ten” but used like “teen” in English. Only the numbers 11 and 12 are exceptions. They are called “elleve” and “tolv.” And as for the numbers ending with “-ten”, unfortunately, there is no clear pattern to easily remember what comes before “-ten.”
Becky: So this is another one of those things you just have to learn?
Anna: Yes, it is. But once you’ve got the hang of counting from 1 to 10, you will also find it easy to remember what comes before “-ten,” in the numbers above 12, because the first part of the numbers is very much like the numbers from 3 to 9.
Becky: Okay, these rules are simple enough, but let’s make it simpler by giving our listeners more examples. Let’s say, 13.
Anna: Tretten - three and -ten
Becky: Fifteen
Anna: Femten
Becky: Seventeen
Anna: Sytten
Becky: Interesting. So there’s hope!
Anna: Definitely! Now, let’s practice the multiples of ten. It’s a good idea to learn these in Danish, because if you’re able to remember these numbers, counting will be as easy as... well, 1, 2 3!
Becky: Are they regular?
Anna: No. There is no pattern here either, so you’ve got to learn these numbers by heart.
Becky: Let’s give it a go, shall we!
Anna: Tyve
Becky: Twenty
Anna: Tredive
Becky: Thirty
Anna: Fyrre
Becky: Forty
Anna: Halvtreds
Becky: Fifty
Anna: Tres
Becky: Sixty
Anna: Halvfjerds
Becky: Seventy
Anna: Firs
Becky: Eighty
Anna: Halvfems
Becky: Ninety
Anna: And that’s it!
Becky: For more information on creating higher numbers, be sure to check out the lesson notes. But first, onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn the numeral noun phrases and cardinal and ordinal numbers.
Anna: Let’s start counting things in Danish.
Becky: Numerals in Danish are not inflected, and a noun following a number should always be in its indefinite form.
Anna: There are no actual rules for whether or not numerals should be written with letters or simply just the number, but a rule of thumb could be not to write any numerals from 11 and up with letters, as the numbers start to become too long and clumsy to write.
Becky: However, if you prefer writing the numerals 1-10 with numbers, that is fine as well, right?
Anna: Actually, writing numerals with numbers instead of letters gives a more accurate impression, and writing numerals that are followed by abbreviations or symbols, like kg and %, with numbers also makes more sense.
Becky: Great! Let’s count some objects in Danish.
Anna: Sure. For example, én seng means “one bed”, elleve etager means “eleven floors”, and Hun pustede de fyrre lys ud på kagen means “She blew out the forty candles on the cake”.
Becky: Okay, that’s all about numeral noun phrases. Please check the lesson notes for more examples. Now, let’s continue with ordinal numbers.
Anna: Ah yes - the ordinal numbers. Well, it’s very simple. To form an ordinal number, add “-ende” which is the equivalent of “-th” after the cardinal numbers. There are quite a few exceptions though. “First” is called “første,” “second” is called “anden,” “third” is called “tredje,” “fourth” is called “fjerde,” “fifth” is called “femte,” “sixth” is called “sjette,” and the “eleventh” and “twelfth” are called “elvte” and “tolvte.” Also, the ordinal numbers 30th to 39th end with “-te” instead of “-ende.”
Becky: So “seventh” is...
Anna: syvende
Becky: “eighth”
Anna: ottende
Becky: “ninth”
Anna: niende
Becky: “tenth”
Anna: tiende


Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson.
Anna: Thanks for listening, everyone!
Becky: And we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Anna: Farvel!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

DanishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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DanishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:56 PM
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Hi Ellie.

Thanks for posting.

The second sentence is correct, but the first one should be like this:

"Jeg boede i Paris i et år."

The soft Danish "d" easily gets mixed up with "l". However, the sounds are quite different when you listen to them carefully. The "d" sounds like "th" in the English "the", "that" and "therefore".

"År" is neuter and has "et" as the article instead of "en".

Let us know if you have any questions.



Team DanishClass101.com

Tuesday at 12:31 PM
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Why is 16 pronounced completely differently than the regular Danish pronunciation?

Mange tak

Thursday at 05:53 PM
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Jeg boele i Paris i en år. Jeg har været i Madrid to gange.

Thursday at 05:57 AM
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Hi Linda,

The mistake is in the downloadable lesson notes, not on the webpage.

Also, would it be possible to add forty, fifty, sixty, eighty and ninety to the Danish dictionary? Twenty, thirty and seventy are there, but I would like to add the others so that I can get used to hearing them said.

Thank you!


DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 04:20 PM
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Hi Ujuh.

Thank you for you note. I have tried to find the mistake you mentioned but I cannot find it under lesson notes. You are right that en og tyve is 21 and not 22. 👍

Could you assist me by telling me more clear where it mentions this mistake? 😜



Team DanishClasses101.com

Thursday at 03:26 PM
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Goddag, tak for denne lektion!

But I believe there is one small error in the Lesson Note.

Among the examples of Compound Numbers, I found this:

"En og tyve - 22"

But "En og tyve" is 21, right?

DanishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:08 AM
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Hej Sukhraj

Jeg har lige tjekket leksion. Tallene er på dansk, det er ikke svensk. Det er sådan vi siger tallene i Danmark. Men tak for din kommentar.


Team DanishClass101.com

Tuesday at 04:33 AM
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I believe these numbers are Swedish, and not Danish!😳

DanishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:47 PM
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Hi Anne Shelbaer,

Thank you for commenting and pointing out this error.

I have reported the problem, and it was already fixed.

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Thank you!


Team DanishClass101.com

Anne Shelbaer
Saturday at 10:33 PM
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On the review track for this lesson, at 1 minute and 13 seconds you have the wrong translation for 9.